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Glossary of key terms

A glossary of the key terms used in this website can be found below. Click here for a full glossary of all HIV and SRH terms.

HIV services include counselling and testing, CD4 count and virus staging, viral load testing, provision of antiretroviral treatment (ART), adherence counselling, psycho-social support, peer outreach, home-based care, palliative care, nutritional support, medical male circumcision, treatment of opportunistic illnesses such as tuberculosis (TB) and pneumonia, and access to legal services to address discrimination.

Integration refers to links at the service level, where different SRH and HIV services can be joined together. This means that clients can get HIV services, such as testing and counselling, at the same time as family planning and contraceptive services, such as condoms or hormonal contraceptive injections. Integration also includes referrals from one service to another. It is based on the need to offer a comprehensive range of services. (Source: Inter-Agency Working Group for SRH & HIV Linkages, 2010.)

Linkages refers to two-way synergies in policy, programmes, services, and advocacy between SRH and HIV. Service integration is part of this broader human rights-based approach. (Source: Inter-Agency Working Group for SRH & HIV Linkages, 2010.)

Positive prevention can be defined as a set of strategies that help people living with HIV to live longer and healthier lives. It encompasses a set of core elements that help people living with HIV to protect their sexual and reproductive health and avoid other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), delay HIV disease progression, and promote shared responsibility to protect their sexual health and reduce the risk of HIV transmission.

Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services include family planning, contraceptives (such as implants, condoms, and injectables), antenatal services, child immunisation, postnatal care for mother and child, STI diagnosis and treatment, syndromic management, cervical cancer screening, prostate cancer screening, safe abortion services and counselling, and care and support regarding gender-based violence.

Sexual and reproductive health rights are a part of human rights. Recognizing sexual and reproductive rights adds to the freedom, equality and dignity of all people.